Along with the emergence of the market society, there were numerous changes that took place in the workplace. The development of scientific management and production completely restructured production. (Rinehart 39) Scientific management introduced by Frederick Taylor greatly simplified labour since now “the work of the machinist would be subdivided and assigned to several workers” (Rinehart 40) Another effect in the workplace due to scientific management was the “regulation of work, increased specialization of labour, and the assumption of managers on the shop floor knowledge all led to and combined to sharpen the distinction between the planning of work and its execution, thus broadening the gulf between mental and manual labour”. (Rinehart 41) Scientific management made “paid workers to work, not to think” which created a partition of manual and mental labour, as manager were the one who did all the planning and workers did the manual labour. (Rinehart 41) On the other hand mass production was introduced by Henry Ford to establish an efficient use of time and labour and to get things done as soon as possible. There were significant changes with the developments of this technique in the workplace where one person would preform the same task through out the day. Preceding to the emergence of the market society, a employee would use his knowledge of skills to produce a product from step one to the last step, whereas now the idea of mass production, skilled workers are not as valued since now even an unexperienced adult or child is capable of working on an assembly line.
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